What Does A Tech Stack Look Like?

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A tech stack can be a frontend tech stack, backend tech stack, or a mix of both—i.e., a full-stack. Combining a number of these creates an application.

Tech stacks are a data structure where objects lay over the other.

By using a set of technologies, developers benefit from added functionalities on top of one technology, each contributing to the workflow.

To build an end-to-end application, you can bundle the technologies together, forming a stack.

Before ubiquitous SaaS products and services, tech stacks were relatively simple.

There was LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP), an older standard for building PHP-based web applications, and non-open source alternatives like WAMP (for those that preferred Windows to Linux).

Today, however, there is a wealth of tools that product teams and engineers can combine to build and maintain the perfect product for their market segment.

What Is A Tech Stack?

A tech stack consists of two equally important elements: the frontend (client-side) and backend (server-side). Both work together to create a working tech stack.

Many people call a tech stack an application stack. You can liken a tech stack to a McDonald’s triple stack cheeseburger.

To create this mouthwatering treat, you need stacks of ingredients (beef patties, slices of American cheese, tangy pickles, mustard, and chopped onions).

Tech stacks work in the same way in that you use different tools to get a result.

Technology stacks are solutions stacks, technology infrastructure, or a data ecosystem.

How Can You Choose The Right Tech Stack?

Choosing the right tech stack starts by evaluating certain characteristics of your business and the app you have in mind.

You will waste time and effort if you choose the wrong tech stack. But choosing the right stack will help you and your developers be productive and successful.

Different companies will require different tech stacks, and no two are alike. It depends on the developer’s skill set and experience and the projects they work on most frequently.

By knowing what tools a company uses for interactive web pages, web, or mobile apps, experienced developers can quickly understand how an app functions “from the inside” and what is needed to keep it running.

Choosing the right tech stack will ensure a cost-efficient and successful development project.


Tech stacks enable you to easily make changes to your project as it evolves (e.g., if you switch from a LAMP stack to a MEAN stack, if there is a need to rewrite some code, but there is no major rewrite).

In addition, you can use different stacks for different parts of an application, allowing for greater flexibility and a faster development process.

Hiring Capabilities

What tech stack you use for a given app can tell quite a bit about how the app is functioning and what developers need to modify or maintain.

For this reason, tech stacks are particularly useful for hiring developers.

When hiring a development team for development services, you and your company do not necessarily have to participate in selecting technologies and tools.

But agility, operating characteristics, and costs remain important elements of your project’s success.

Suppose an applicant for a developer position is familiar with most or all of the languages and tools used in the company. 

There is a better chance they will be a good fit for the position than if they specialized in a completely different area.

What Should You Consider When Choosing A Tech Stack?

You should consider several factors while choosing a tech stack —for example, the size of the application, cost, time to production, scalability, user experience, and security.

Get Expert Help

If nobody has trained you in web development, leave it to the experts.

A team of experienced web developers can make the best use of a tech stack to produce top-tier web applications with outstanding design and functionality.


Well-chosen technology stacks help to maximize efficiency by using pre-existing code, libraries, and frameworks.

This speeds up the development process and helps to ensure that your code is maintainable and scalable.

What Happens If You Choose The Wrong Tech Stack?

Don’t depend on popular technologies because they work for big and prominent companies. Weigh your options; consider all the pros and cons of your tech stacks.

Remember, a wrong choice of technology stacks can end in a financial disaster. One of the biggest mistakes is picking a different tech stack because it seems cool.

If you and your team are already experts at LAMP, MEAN, or ASP.NET, just stick with it.

The Tech Stack For iOS Apps

To get a product for Apple devices, you will need to find a team experienced in Objective C and Swift since they are the main programming languages for the iOS software development process.

Also, app developers might consider integrated development environments such as JetBrains AppCode and Apple’s Xcode.

Android Studio

Android Studio is the official Integrated Development Environment (IDE) for developing Android projects.

Developers use Android Studio for many tasks, including writing the code and debugging.


When talking about tech stacks, we recognize two types of scalability:

Vertical Scalability

Vertical scalability determines how easy adding new features to an app using a particular tech stack is.

Horizontal Scalability

How scalable a tech stack is in terms of accommodating user growth. Both of these types of scalability are equally important.

Any tech stack you choose should satisfy your vertical and horizontal scalability needs.

Spotify Tech Stack

Spotify is a music streaming platform that has both web and mobile apps. Spotify’s tech stack includes:

  • Amazon CloudFront: A content delivery network for ensuring the Spotify website loads quickly across the world.

  • Google Analytics: A web application for seeing website analytics and metrics.

  • Optimizely: A digital optimization platform that Spotify uses to optimize its website and app.

  • Twilio SendGrid: Spotify’s email marketing tool to send emails to its users.

Front End Languages

When it comes to tech stack components, there are two components — the frontend and backend stacks.

The frontend tech stack is the client’s side of the application.

It’s a front-end technology stack that users see when interacting with your application or site.

Therefore, the front end stack’s primary concern is a convenient user experience, accessible user interface, and clear internal structures.

The three main technologies on the front-end are: 

  • HTML (the markup language

  • CSS (the stylesheet) 

  • JavaScript (the scripting language) 

Server-side is not visible to a user.

But its programming languages power the user side and create the logic of websites and applications.

Front-end languages are typically much simpler than back-end ones.

Most web application interfaces use the programming language Javascript and the frameworks Angular JS, Backbone.js, and ReactJS.

Front-end technologies for smartphone apps include Objective-C/SWIFT for iOS apps and Java for Android apps.

Hypertext Markup Language

HTML is a markup language for creating and displaying electronic documents (web pages). They are the organization’s backbone and content placement on a web page.

Backend Technologies

The back-end tech stack ensures the inner workings of an application and website.

The back-end stack must operate smoothly, especially if your site has features other than simple HTML-coded static pages.

Back-end technologies include web frameworks, programming languages, servers, and operating systems.

Web Servers

A web server takes in requests (HTTP) from the client (for example, browser), passes it on to the database for the requested information, and handles the response.

You need backend servers to manage client requests. Apache, Nginx, and Microsoft’s Internet Information Server (IIS) are the most common web servers.


One of the fastest-growing languages is Python. It is easy to use and commonly taught to college students as a beginner development language.

It has many modern and powerful features. Python has also become very popular because of its heavy machine learning and data science usage.

You can use Python for building web applications by using the popular Django web framework.

With libraries like Pandas, SciPy, and NumPy, Python works perfectly for projects connected with Big Data, Machine Learning.

It is a universal language when you need to calculate huge volumes of data. Python is capable of doing it quickly and sufficiently.

You can use Python for any project, but academic and scientific programming are preferred ones.


You can use proven tech stack models to save you time and money. Their components are regularly updated, but their principles are the same.

One of the advantages of using these popular tech stack examples is the available knowledge base.

LAMP is one of the most popular tech stacks. It’s short for Linux operating system, Apache, MySQL, and PHP. Each of LAMP’s layers is open source and free to use.

It’s simple to modify this tech stack to fit your needs.

Cascading Style Sheets

CSS is responsible for the format and layout of the web pages. It includes the font styles, sizes, layout, color, and other web page aspects.

Developers commonly use frameworks like SASS and LESS to make CSS more manageable and more dynamic.

What Are Frameworks Used For?

Frameworks provide a structure to the application and have common utilities so that you don’t have to write every piece of logic from scratch.

They provide support for applications based on a single programming language. Laravel, Django, and Ruby on Rails are a few popular web frameworks.

Most modern applications use an MVC-style framework.

Data Storage

Whether a tech stack is simple or has many workflows, you need a place to store all your information. Some popular databases are MongoDB and MySQL.

Modern data platforms like MongoDB further enhance the functionality of a database by providing intelligent querying, aggregation, transformation features,  data storage, and retrieval.

There are many other components—like APIs, analytics tools, BI tools, cloud services, and microservices—that can enhance the functions of an application.

What Are API Services?

API Services are the applications that help you connect to the tools that make up your extended tech stack.

Some API services are simply collections of thousands of pre-built APIs. 

In contrast, others are API gateways that help manage traffic when you need to send and receive large quantities of information from other systems.

What Are Business Intelligence Solutions?

BI tools bring together data gathered from multiple parts of the company and the market, and help track company performance and make higher-level business decisions.

Many offer innovative ways to report on and visualize data.

What Is A Web App?

Web apps look like websites you access via browsers. Thus, users don’t have to download them to their devices. The web app tech stack uses the resources provided by the system.

To build a web product, you will need to consider a combination of front-end and back-end technologies.

Developers build native apps for a particular platform, i.e., a specific environment.

Mobile Apps

To use a mobile app, users need to download it to their device. Therefore, companies must develop mobile apps for specific mobile platforms (e.g., Android or iOS).

Mobile app tech stacks use platform-oriented technologies like Kotlin for Android or Swift for iOS. These technologies run mobile applications on specific platforms.

If you want to create an application that works on all devices, you need to create two versions to work on both Apple and Android.

Behavioral And Product Analytics

An emerging but valuable class of tools used to track, store, and analyze user behavior at every stage of the customer journey.

Some teams analyze this data in the analytics tools themselves; others pipe it into data warehouses (some teams do both).

The best of these tools offer proactive insights and keep data clean and organized.

Design And User Experience

A good user experience is key to attracting more traffic.

Choose the tools that will serve the purpose of your user interface in the most effective way and justify the design team’s expectations.

If your website is content-driven, choose a technology that supports server-side rendering.

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