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What Is A Tech Stack?
To understand what a full-stack developer does, first, you need to know what full-stack means.
A tech stack quickly summarizes the programming languages, frameworks, and tools a developer would need to interface with the application.
For example, a combination of MongoDB, Express, Angular, and Node can be used to create end-to-end web applications, thus forming a technology stack.
In simple terms, the technology stack is a more cross-disciplinary term in any software development process.
Because most coding languages have well-known performance attributes and limitations, the tech stack hints at the overall application’s strengths and weaknesses.
A tech stack is broadly divided into client-side (front-end) and server-side (back-end).
Since software has a client-facing side (the frontend) and a server-side (the backend), software engineers talk of two separate stacks that cover all the layers that make up the entire tech stack of that particular software.
Many people claim that you have to tackle both stacks separately to create software successfully.
However, other people believe that developing the front and back end with the same stack isn’t just possible – it’s the best alternative.
Tech stacks are particularly useful for hiring developers. Companies trying to recruit developers often include their tech stack in job descriptions.
Different companies will require different tech stacks, and no two are alike.
Teams decide on which technologies they want to use and then build upon a core coding language, adding additional tools and services.
The MEAN was one of the most popular tech stacks of 2021.
The entire MEAN stack is open source, which means that you’ll get access to vetted tools for free (in most cases).
The fact that they are open source implies that they are regularly updated by their respective communities, bringing many benefits to their users.
Another advantage of using MEAN is that all the technologies are free and open-source with the support of a vibrant community.
MongoDB, Express.JS, Angular, and Node.JS are a group of technologies that combine MEAN Stack technology in mobile and web applications.
Many other technologies are used as alternatives for each component, including Koa, Restify, React, Vue.js, MySQL, and many more.
Essentially the MERN stack is similar to MEAN. The difference is that you change Angular.js with React.
The MERN stack focuses on being a multi-purpose tool that makes it eﬃcient to create multi-purpose applications.
The key benefits of using MERN are the React integration, the ability to use codes on browsers and servers simultaneously, a powerful library, and a full-stack development option (frontend and back-end development).
Additionally, React is known for its flexibility and performance in developing interactive user interfaces.
Another variation of MEAN, MEVN, uses Vue.js as the frontend web framework instead of Angular.js. Over the years, Vue.js has grown in popularity.
It incorporates the best features of Angular and React. Vue.js is easy to learn, delivers a clear programming style, and provides superb performance for web applications.
What Is MongoDB?
Its perfect compatibility with other JS-based parts of the stack ensures excellent speed and performance.
MongoDB is schema-less, which makes it highly flexible, and is built on a horizontal scale-out architecture that allows it to handle big data.
What Are Programming Languages?
Programming languages take care of the vital business logic that your applications need.
What Is A Modern Tech Stack?
A modern tech stack has many more components because of the increased number of devices users can access applications and the vast volumes of events and data processing.
It might include tools for containerization, performance monitoring, business intelligence, event processing, data lakes, cloud services, microservices, and analytics.
Tech Stack Components
Tech stacks consist of two main components.
Frontend Tech Stack
They commonly specialize in Angular or React and call server APIs built by other developers.
Front-end languages are typically much simpler than back-end ones.
Front-end technologies for smartphone apps include Objective-C/SWIFT for iOS and Java for Android apps.
There is a substantial new crowd of developers who stick with MEAN or MERN instead of Angular or React.
This portrays the next level of web development as an increasing majority of web developers support React instead of Angular.
The main concern of the frontend stack is to create a stellar user experience, smooth user interface, and straightforward internal structures.
In other words, it is responsible for the design, format, and navigation of websites or web apps.
There are three principal elements of a frontend stack.
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) – it’s a markup language for creating and displaying electronic documents (web pages). They are the organization’s backbone and content placement on a web page.
CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) – It is responsible for the format and layout of the web pages. It includes the font styles, sizes, design, color, and other web page aspects. Developers commonly use frameworks like SASS and LESS to make CSS more manageable and more dynamic.
Backend Tech Stack
The server-side of software development is the backend tech stack. It refers to the inner workings of a website or app that users cannot see.
The backend or server-side tech stack consists of many components, like database, server, framework, and operating system.
Think of it as the electric power stations that generate electricity for your home.
Companies are now rigorously trying to hire full-stack developers, who can build the complete web or app from scratch, without any discontinuation.
Now, it’s legit to say, why hire a full stack developer or development team for your next software development project.
While it’s impossible to know in advance, properly assessing a full stack development company such as BairesDev can help untangle this dilemma.
Our engineers can help you assess your web app project and aid you with the decision, considering all of these points.
This is the software in which an application is run. Runtime provides cross-platform compatibility.
Java Runtime Environment (JRE), Node.js, and Common Language Runtime (CLR) are examples of runtime environments.
Why Is A Software Stack Important To Develop An Application?
Software stacks are to your applications, what a deep foundation and girders are to a building.
The competitiveness and viability of your application depend upon the technology stack that you choose.
A technology stack, also called a solutions stack, technology infrastructure, or a data ecosystem, lists all the technology services used to build and run one application.
Choosing the right tech stack will ensure a cost-efficient and successful development project. When building a house, so much goes on behind the scenes.
Contractors use several building materials for different areas of the house. They use concrete, treated wood, clay, and sand for the foundation.
Here are a few things you need to consider for before choosing the right tech stack your project:
Know the project requirements
Go beyond project requirements for a better audience
Expertise and knowledge of the team or organization you are hiring
Flexibility and scalability of the development team
The final development cost
Creating A Tech Stack
The best strategy is to create minimum-viable products like web apps using open source tools to prove concepts before investing in them, and to look for tools that offer the flexibility to send data to the other devices in your stack, even if it’s not a requirement at first.
A Full Stack Developer gives the flexibility to move from task to task according to the need of the project.
They provide a complete solution to problems, and go to the root of a situation without just focusing on solutions.
Full Stack Developers are in the limelight because of the numerous benefits they deliver, most likely unique code for multiple technologies, and multi-technology projects to create a great UX/UI.
Tech Stack Examples
The MEAN and MERN stacks are trending technology stacks for web development.
We’d like to briefly mention some trending technology stacks used to build software products.
LAMP is an industry standard when it comes to technology stack models. In web development, it delivers the best cost efficiency, flexibility, and performance.
It is an acronym that stands for Linux (operating system), Apache (HTTP server), MySQL (relational database management), and PHP (programming language, it can also be Perl or Python).
The stability, simplicity, and power that accompany LAMP have made it the platform of choice for developing new custom web apps.
The LAMP remains one of the most common ways to deliver web applications and was one of the first open-source software stacks still widely used.
It is easy to use and commonly taught to college students as a beginner development language. It has many modern and powerful features.
Python has also become popular because of its heavy machine learning and data science usage.
It can also be used for building web applications by using the popular Django web framework.
The Python-Django stack is based on one of the most popular web development languages; it will likely remain among developers’ trends.
They generally combine it with the Apache web server, MySQL, and the Django framework for server-side development.
Ruby on Rails
Ruby on Rails is a programming environment that uses Ruby, a dynamic language. With RoR, you can simplify the entire development process.
A server-side web application development written in the Ruby programming language requires less knowledge to work on.
It allows the use of default structures for database management and web pages.
Which Tech Stack Should You Implement In Your Company?
As a final thought, it can be challenging to choose the right tech stacks. However, this idea should guide your decision; choose technologies and tools that parallel your project’s objectives.
If you and your team are already experts at LAMP, MEAN, or ASP.NET, just stick with it. Deciding to use Ruby on Rails because it sounds fun is a bad idea that will slow you down.
A team of experienced web developers can make the best use of a tech stack to produce top-tier web applications with outstanding design and functionality.
Don’t depend on popular technologies because they work for big and prominent companies. Weigh your options; consider all the pros and cons of your tech stacks.
One of Indiana’s fastest-growing SaaS companies, Kennected focuses on lead generation by putting the customer first.
Learn more about the lead generation tool Cloud Kennect. It’s served over 17,000 customers.
We talk about the tech stack implementations Kennected uses here.