How Do I Choose A Tech Stack?

Table of Contents

Before choosing a tech stack for a web application, one should consider five main points.

  1. Personal Requirements

  2. Scope of Project

  3. Time To Market

  4. Scalability

  5. Security

Are you a founder, CEO, CTO, consultant, or other stakeholder who need to decide how to build a software product? Have trouble deciding on the tech stack for your web application?

What is the best front-end option: Angular, React, or VueJS? Should you use Python or Java as a language? Is node.js or Flask / Django the right choice for the web framework?

What about the database — MySQL, Postgres, or MongoDB?

In this article, you’ll learn what a web stack is, what the types of web dev stacks are, and how to pick the best stack for web development for your startup.

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What Is A Technology Stack?

A tech stack combines software development products and programming languages used to create web apps or mobile applications.

A development team typically uses these stacks.

According to Statista, as of 2021, JavaScript and HTML/CSS were the most commonly used programming languages among software developers worldwide.

Nearly 65% of respondents used JavaScript, and just over 56% used HTML/CSS. HTML, e.g.,

Hypertext Markup Language is a standardized system used for tagging text files on World Wide Web pages.

Applications have two software development components: client-side and server-side, also known as front-end and back-end.

The combination of every piece of tools and technologies that result in a web application is called the web development stack.

You probably won’t have all the required knowledge early, but you can fine-tune and optimize things or change tech stacks as you grow (and have the requisite budget).

As an enterprise, items can be different.

Frontend Tech Stack

Frontend refers to the client-side part of the project.

It’s somewhat probable that every web app uses HMTL, CSS (Cascading Style Sheets), and JavaScript (Scripting Language) to present content to the user.

However, this isn’t mandatory. HTML + CSS are responsible for presenting our final product to the client.

It happens to be the only part of the app which allows user interaction via different web browsers.

Front-end frameworks and libraries are optional and include tools for creating responsive or interactive web pages and applications.

Back End Tech Stack

Back-end development is part of a system responsible for reading, writing, calculating, and manipulating data is called the back end.

It is possible to specify two things you can put into your tech stack.

It includes programming languages, server-side frameworks, operating systems, databases, and APIs.

The first is the technology responsible for business logic. The second enables connection with data.

It ensures the proper functioning of all the features responding to user requests such as access to the database and executing CRUD operations – Create, Read, Update, and Delete.

Before choosing which back-end technology will be delivered, the backend developer must select which programming language you wish to use.

This selection narrows the number of useable frameworks.

The web server, part of the backend, accepts requests from a browser, processes these requests according to a certain logic, turns to the database if needed, and sends back the relevant content.

It’s a component that synchronizes communication between browsers, mobile apps, and the backend server

Various programming languages have been used to develop the backend application. Popular ones are Node.js, Ruby on Rails, and Java.

Serverless Stack

It provides an interface to develop and maintain functionalities of applications using serverless technology without creating or maintaining the infrastructure that is typically used to develop and launch apps.

This allows developers to build and install applications without logging into servers. It requires no hardware and fewer server resources to run your project.

Wins Stack

Windows is another backend stack that primarily contains windows servers and Internet service-based web services.

This software is used to determine the address of the Internet connection for an Internet-connected machine.

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Choosing The Best Tech Stack For Web Application

If you are a non-technical founder, it’s tempting to find the nearest developer and rely on their advice when choosing a tech stack.

However, developers may be biased toward ready-made solutions with which they are most comfortable, or judge technologies purely on technical merits rather than business needs.

Choosing a web stack is essential, and your need defines the selection of your web stack.

Whether your company is designing a mobile application, web development, or software development project, these technologies selected for a solution refer to a project’s ‘tech stack.’

  • Defining goals – you need to have a clear idea of what you want to do and how you want to do it. This is crucial in selecting the right tech stack.

  • Design – the design should be simple and user-friendly.

  • Scalability – if the application gets an exponential rise in users, your stack should be able to cope with it.

  • Security – applications have many user data access, so security is a primary concern for any stack.

Bug Testing

Untested or broken codes can create the biggest mistakes while working on a web app project.

Therefore, to avoid bug fixes and save time, try to include technologies where testing is easier.

Test automation frameworks Selenium, Katalon,, etc. can be used for the speedy delivery of quality web applications.

Security of A Technology Stack For Web Development

Another vividly important question is the security and privacy level your product details and design will enjoy using a particular tech stack for web app development.

Security is a significant factor for the business and your customers.

To eliminate common security threats, you may need to run security tests both on the client and server sides.

Not all technologies are equally secure, so you need to carefully consider your choice before starting the development process.

System Load Requirements

This is an essential factor too. Several projects are subject to diverse processing demands, which is why technology is not always adaptable to the required workloads.

This means you will need to measure product processing workload and technology stack capacity if you want to make sure this needs to be met.

Timeline of The Project

The timeline for determining a technical stack can significantly determine the desired solution for a particular application.

Building a particular technology stack to meet your project’s current requirements doesn’t suffice. Ideally, the technology stack is suited to later needs.

Your software stack will satisfy your product development and production time requirements. This should be done even when there’s a free-to-use application.

Flexibility And Scalability of The Tech Stack

Technology is not an absolute fact. Technology evolves as we go through our day.

Investing in cloud hosting solutions can improve flexibility and scalability.

You’ll feel comfortable knowing that the technical infrastructure is flexible in how the web development platform is designed so that all changes can continue.

Tech Stack Ecosystem

Ultimately choosing one or more different tech stacks for website development depends on its ecosystems.

For example, you want the largest user base in the company’s network to know before using it, to be sure you won’t become a lone runner when you use the technology.

Reviews of those who use them are important.

The Size And Complexity of The Project

Stacks that need to be used on a small project may range from small to large projects. This should be considered when choosing tech stumbling blocks.

Beyond size, complexity is important too. The more complex the projects, the greater the programming complexity.

The Product Specification And Functionality

When selecting a web development software platform, you should always know what features and functions the product should include.

The next step is to follow market research to see whether the software has a list of specifications it needs to beat the competitors.

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Tech Stack Examples & Programming Languages

We have prepared a list of popular tech stacks for web application development.

Ruby on Rails

A web application development that utilizes the Ruby programming languages tends to be selected by software and technology companies because its flexibility and versatility promote rapid development.

You can save much time by using the Ruby on Rails framework that provides access to basic libraries.

You can add functionality to your app via third-party integrations and avoid having to write the code from scratch and thus save time on searching for developers.


Javascript is a programming language that turns HTML components into dynamic objects. It brings interactiveness to the front end.

There are many JavaScript libraries such as jQuery, Bootstrap, and Slick fitted into frameworks such as Angular, Vue.js, and React.js used to improve functionality in the user interface.


Linux (operating system), Apache (webserver), MySQL (database management system), and PHP/Perl/Python (programming languages) tend to be found in legacy apps.

The LAMP stack is a popular open-source software set.

It mainly consists of the PHP programming language, Linux operating system, the Apache HTTP Server, and the MySQL relational system.

LAMP is trusted and has been around for a long time. It also works with Perl and Python as substitutes for PHP. Developers use it because it is ideal for dynamic websites and applications.


In 2021, experts preferred MEAN technology for a web development stack.

It only uses Javascript throughout the stack, and the codes can be reused across the application without reinventing further, and you need Javascript developers to make it work.

That’s one of the main reasons it is the best stack in the 2021 list.

Due to support programs written in JavaScript, the MEAN stack enables easy development of applications for both client-side and server-side environments.

This also helps developers working on the client-side understand the server side’s codes.

MEAN supports the MVC pattern, and it is mobile-friendly due to its interoperability with AngularJS.

Finally, it allows the data transfer by using NoSQL’s native JSON and gives access to the Node.js JavaScript module library.


It’s a tech stack based on Python language and uses the Django framework for back-end development. This stack provides an Apache web server with MySQL for its database use.

Developers that use Python-Django can avoid many common security mistakes. Moreover, you can quickly and flexibly scale web applications with this technology stack.


Middleware isn’t a development tool; it functions as a hidden translation layer connecting the front-end and back-end.

For ease of communication, middleware combines two or more frameworks, apps, or components.

It comprises app servers, web servers, content management systems, and other related tools that support development and delivery.

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Complex Project Development

If you intend to create a social network, online marketplace, CRM, or order management system, you are looking at a project of complexity.

The combination of multiple languages is inevitable for such. This is just like the case of a mid-size project but with more complex features.

You need several functions, integrations, and more sophistication. Hence, your tech stack must be of a high level.

Hybrid Development

Mobile frontend technologies can be categorized as native, hybrid, or cross-platform.

This development is based on using such technologies as HTML5, JavaScript, Ionic, Cordova, PhoneGap, and Xamarin.

In its turn, native app development is based on native programs such as Java and Kotlin for Android, Objective-C, and Swift for iOS.

Custom Software Development

This is the process of designing, creating, deploying, and maintaining software for a specific set of users, functions, or organizations.

Cross-Platform Development

React Native, Xamarin, and Flutter are of primary use.

A native mobile app development approach is much more preferable today as it allows more control and easier hardware access.

What Tech Stack Should My Company Use?

Different mobile and web apps require different development tools. Unfortunately, there is no uniform right technology stack for web projects.

Your choice of web development stack allows you to quickly launch your software product to the market with maximum security and options for scalability.

If the project is small and the requirement entails a working prototype that has to be delivered within a strict timeline, then usually technologies like CMS or WordPress can be used.

For portfolios, single-page sites, digital magazines, presentations, other small web solutions, etc., you can also rely on design tools like Webflow, Readymag, Python, or Node.Js.

Mid-range projects like government projects, online stores, digital multimedia, and enterprise apps require a more complex technology stack that might include a combination of programming languages and designing tools.

These kinds of apps involve multiple systems, and they have to be implemented using various frameworks or cross-platform integrations.

A development team of skilled and professional developers can help you assess the requirements of your project and suggest the best tools to develop a scalable and highly functional app that will beat the competition.

There will be a need for upgrades and bug fixes once your product hits the market. The growth of your product and company will rest on what stack you use.

When choosing a technology stack for app development, you first need to rely on the requirements of your project.

The right tech stack should minimize costs and bring more value in the long run because you can deliver a better product.

The nature of your project could define the web stack that you will be using. To build a web app, you should launch a web browser only with front-end and backend development stacks.

The challenge here is real-time data processing on web pages to make it work fast and smoothly. So, the technology stack for web development should be able to do it economically.

Mobile app stacks are different. If you’re building a native mobile app, choose one specific platform (iOS or Android) or both.

Depending on the requirements, they may need a combination of several programming languages and frameworks.

Such projects require more advanced technologies capable of delivering more sophisticated functionalities.

Web-based applications may turn out to be quite complex, challenging, and multi-dimensional.

Therefore, unless you’re an experienced software developer, you probably would have no idea how to choose a tech stack for web app development. And that’s okay.

The best advice we can give is simple: work with someone who has built similar apps and can provide invaluable expertise.

Your technology stacks say a lot about your company.

Your frameworks, programming language, and tools all work to demonstrate your organization.

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Security of A Technology Stack For Web Development

Another vividly important question is the security and privacy level your product details and design will enjoy using a particular tech stack for web app development.

Security is a significant factor for the business and your customers.

To eliminate common security threats, you may need to run security tests both on the client and server sides.

Not all technologies are equally secure, so you need to consider your choice before starting the development process carefully.


Below is a list of the most popular frameworks:

  • Bootstrap

  • Materialize CSS

  • Bulma

  • Material UI

While Bootstrap uses HTML, CSS (Style Sheet Language), and jQuery libraries to make responsive web pages, Foundation is ideal for developing agile, responsive websites.

JavaScript frameworks for front-end development modern web apps use JavaScript on the front-end.

Each framework provides you with mechanisms, components, and rules that ease the process of working with visual presentations.

To make your web page responsive, you need to add a framework to your technology stack that enables this option.

JavaScript has the highest number of frameworks of all programming languages. There also exist legacy products, which continue to be used, but contain unsupported frameworks.

An example is Knockout.

Tech Stacks At Kennected

At Kennected, we prefer the convenience of open technologies with a good ecosystem.

Our choice of web development stacks allows us to quickly implement a minimum viable product, reduce time to market, validate ideas, and refine the app, thanks to the scalability of the technologies. ‍

We’re using popular stacks, which allow our team to develop and maintain similar products that share the architecture.

While you’re developing your tech stacks, why not grow your leads while at it?

Kennected introduced Cloud Kennect in 2018, and it continues to baffle professionals because of its beneficial impact.

Over 17,000 customers can attest to how successful Cloud Kennect has been.

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